PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
In early 2023, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released updated guidelines for the evaluation and treatment of adolescents with obesity. This groundbreaking report encompassed an array of essential insights.


The 100-page document underlines the importance of concurrently monitoring and treating any comorbidities related to obesity1 as a key component in successfully treating this chronic health condition. According to the authors, monitoring and treating any associated conditions is essential in providing comprehensive care and achieving desired outcomes.
PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility
The Academy recognizes Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) as one of the many comorbidities. This syndrome is remarkable in that it affects up to 5 million women of reproductive age in the United States2.


Cited By World Health Organization, PCOS is one of the most common causes of female infertility, and can cause a range of symptoms from irregular menstrual cycles to increased levels of male hormone androgen3.
Hormonal imbalances caused PCOS can lead to various symptoms affecting physical and emotional health, with serious consequences if untreated. Additionally, girls with PCOS face heightened risks of infertility, Type II diabetes, heart disease, and obstructive sleep apnea2.
heart disease
PCOS is a complex disorder that affects millions of women and girls, however, it currently has no cure - but can be treated. Early detection of this condition is paramount for successful treatment and positive downstream outcomes for those affected by chronic obesity.
Blood tests may reveal hormone level changes, but these can vary. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome may show elevated levels of:
17-hydroxyprogesterone, total testosterone, free testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, androstenedione, and others3.
  1. Hampl S, Hassink SG, Skinner AC, et al. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Obesity. Pediatrics. February 2023;151(2):e2022060640. 10.1542/peds.2022-060640
  2. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/pcos.html
  3. Polycystic ovary syndrome. World Health Organization. 28 June 2023. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/polycystic-ovary-syndrome